Broken Capillaries


What Are Broken Capillaries?

Broken capillaries, also known as spider veins or telangiectasia, are small, dilated blood vessels that appear near the surface of the skin. They often appear as thin, red, purple, or blue lines or clusters of lines, resembling spider webs or tree branches. Broken capillaries are commonly found on the face, particularly around the nose, cheeks, and chin, but they can also occur on other parts of the body.

While broken capillaries are generally harmless and do not pose any health risks, they can be cosmetically bothersome for some individuals. Treatment options for broken capillaries may include laser therapy, intense pulsed light (IPL) therapy, sclerotherapy, or topical treatments aimed at strengthening blood vessel walls. It’s important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the most appropriate treatment approach based on individual skin type and concerns.

What Causes Broken Capillaries?

Trauma or Injury

Physical trauma or injury to the skin, such as excessive sun exposure, harsh scrubbing, or picking at the skin, can damage the delicate capillary walls, leading to their dilation and the appearance of broken capillaries.


As people age, the skin loses collagen and elasticity, including the supportive structures that help maintain the integrity of blood vessels. This can make the capillary walls more prone to damage and dilation, increasing the likelihood of broken capillaries.


Some individuals may be genetically predisposed to developing broken capillaries. Genetic factors can influence the strength and elasticity of blood vessel walls, making some people more susceptible to capillary damage and dilation.

Skin Conditions

Certain skin conditions, such as rosacea, eczema, psoriasis, and acne, can weaken blood vessel walls and contribute to the development of broken capillaries. In rosacea, for example, chronic inflammation of the skin can lead to the dilation of blood vessels, resulting in visible redness and broken capillaries.

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal fluctuations, such as those that occur during pregnancy, menopause, or hormonal therapy, can affect blood vessel function and contribute to the development of broken capillaries. Pregnancy, in particular, can increase blood volume and pressure, putting additional stress on blood vessel walls.