Hair Loss


What Is Hair Loss?

Hair loss, also known as alopecia, refers to the partial or complete loss of hair from areas of the body where it typically grows. It can affect the scalp, eyebrows, eyelashes, and other parts of the body with hair follicles. Hair loss can occur gradually over time or suddenly, and it may be temporary or permanent, depending on the underlying cause.

There are several types of hair loss, including male/female-pattern baldness, alopecia areata, telogen effluvium, or traction alopecia. Treatment for hair loss depends on the underlying cause and may include medications, topical treatments, lifestyle changes, or procedures such as hair transplantation.

What Causes Hair Loss?

Genetics (Androgenetic Alopecia)

The most common cause of hair loss is hereditary factors. Androgenetic alopecia, also known as male-pattern or female-pattern baldness, is inherited from one’s parents and results in gradual thinning of hair over time. It is more common in men, but women can also experience it.

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal fluctuations can contribute to hair loss. This can occur during pregnancy, childbirth, menopause, or as a result of thyroid disorders or hormonal imbalances. Changes in hormone levels can disrupt the hair growth cycle, leading to temporary or permanent hair loss.

Stress and Emotional Factors

Emotional stress, traumatic events, or significant life changes can trigger hair loss. This type of hair loss, known as telogen effluvium, occurs when stress disrupts the normal hair growth cycle, leading to excessive shedding of hair. Hair typically regrows once the stress is resolved.

Nutritional Deficiencies

Inadequate intake of essential nutrients such as vitamins (e.g., biotin, vitamin D), minerals (e.g., iron, zinc), and proteins can affect hair growth and lead to thinning or shedding of hair. Nutritional deficiencies can be caused by poor diet, certain medical conditions, or malabsorption disorders.

Traction and Styling Practices

Excessive pulling or tension on the hair follicles, often due to tight hairstyles like braids, ponytails, or extensions, can cause hair loss. This type of hair loss, known as traction alopecia, can lead to permanent damage to the hair follicles if not addressed.


As people age, hair follicles can gradually shrink and produce thinner, shorter hair strands. This natural aging process, known as involutional alopecia, is a normal part of aging and can result in reduced hair density over time.

Corrective Treatments


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